The Freedom Charter happen to be the political programme which undermines both the capitalists and imperialists. This Charter came about following the congress of the people, mobilized and organized by the ANC. In 1953 at the Queenstown Conference of the ANC, the National Executive Committee was instructed to organize a mass assembly of delegates elected by diverse people of all races in every town, farm, factory and mine. This organization of the people became known as the congress of the people, whose primary objective was to work towards drawing up the Freedom Charter. The Freedom Charter remains the most revolutionary political program for the Young Communist League of South Africa and South African Communist Party (SACP)
In addition, this political program envisaged a society that seeks to be transformed beyond its colonial and apartheid formation. The logical conclusion of this document is that the revolution cannot be deferred but that the revolution offers the constant changing of our society.
The material condition always evolves, as Karl Marx said, that our material being determines our consciousness, not that our consciousness determines our material being. At this point, we live in a constantly changing world and the history of this continuous changing world is shaped by the bourgeoisie reactionary ideas in the advancement of the capitalism system.
In 1955, in the Kliptown square people from different races, Whites, Indians, Coloured and Black African people met and drafted the Freedom Charter. This was a turning point for the people of South Africa. However, as the Charter was not drafted by the ANC alone. The ANC adopted the Freedom Charter the year after was drafted. The ANC adopted this Charter as its policy document in 1956 as Professor Z K Matthews, then the acting President after Chief Luthuli was banned: